Can Kohl’s Stock Nearly Triple To Pre-Inflation Shock Highs Of $64?

KSS: Kohl's logo
KSS
Kohl's

[Note: Kohl’s fiscal year 2023 ended February 3, 2024]

Kohl’s stock (NYSE: KSS), a department store that features apparel, footwear, accessories, soft home products, and housewares targeted to middle-income customers, currently trades at $22 per share, around 65% below its level of $64 seen on May 17, 2021 (pre-inflation shock high), and has the potential for sizable gains. Kohl’s has been struggling since the pandemic as consumer buying habits have shifted away from department stores. While it operates an e-commerce platform, Kohl’s faces online competition even stronger than its brick-and-mortar rivals. The retailer has been missing out on what’s proving to be at least a decent recovery for other store chains. To add to this, Kohl’s first quarter revenues fell 5% year-over-year (y-o-y) to $3.2 billion, whereas the company’s earnings of $0.24 per share loss completely wiped out its year-ago $0.13 per share profit. This lackluster performance was primarily driven by lower comparable sales growth of -4.4%, a 10 basis points drop compared to both Q4 2023 (sequential) and Q1 2023 (same quarter last year) – showing no signs of improvement at all. Of note, KSS’ key rival Macy’s (NYSE: M) did a lot better when it reported a sequential step-up in comp sales, from -5.4% in Q4 2023 to -0.3% in Q1 2024.

Looking ahead, Kohl’s downgraded its forecasts for sales to decline 2% to 4% through the end of 2024, which isn’t great, but it is still better than Q1’s 5% decline. This is compared to its previous forecast of -1% to 1% growth. Its comp sales outlook also changed from a prior flat to 2% growth to the current -1% to -3% growth. The retailer mentioned that it will be profitable this year, earning between $1.25 and $1.85 per share, but this was a massive guide down from its previous forecast of $2.10-$2.70. KSS stock is down almost 22% year-to-date. In comparison, Macy’s stock is down 6% since the beginning of this year.

KSS stock has suffered a sharp decline of 50% from levels of $40 in early January 2021 to around $22 now, vs. an increase of about 45% for the S&P 500 over this roughly 3-year period. Notably, KSS stock has underperformed the broader market in each of the last 3 years. Returns for the stock were 21% in 2021, -49% in 2022, and 14% in 2023. In comparison, returns for the S&P 500 have been 27% in 2021, -19% in 2022, and 24% in 2023 – indicating that KSS underperformed the S&P in 2021, 2022, and 2023. In fact, consistently beating the S&P 500 – in good times and bad – has been difficult over recent years for individual stocks; for heavyweights in the Consumer Discretionary sector including AMZN, TSLA, and HD, and even for the megacap stars GOOG, MSFT, and AAPL. In contrast, the Trefis High Quality (HQ) Portfolio, with a collection of 30 stocks, has outperformed the S&P 500 each year over the same period. Why is that? As a group, HQ Portfolio stocks provided better returns with less risk versus the benchmark index; less of a roller-coaster ride as evident in HQ Portfolio performance metrics. Given the current uncertain macroeconomic environment with high oil prices and elevated interest rates, could KSS face a similar situation as it did in 2021, 2022, and 2023 and underperform the S&P over the next 12 months – or will it see a recovery?

Relevant Articles
  1. With The Stock Almost Flat This Year, Will Q2 Results Drive Halliburton’s Stock Higher?
  2. Down 6% This Year, Will SLB Stock Recover Following Q2 Results?
  3. AI And Auto Business In Focus As Qualcomm Publishes Q3 Earnings
  4. Down 7% This Year Will Abbott Stock See Higher Levels Post Q2 Results?
  5. Here’s What To Expect From American Airlines’ Q2
  6. American Express Stock Is Up 33% YTD, What To Expect From Q2 Earnings?

Returning to the pre-inflation shock level means that Kohl’s will have to gain about 186% from here. While it has the potential to recover to those levels, we estimate Kohl’s Valuation to be around $20 per share, almost 14% lower than the current market price. Our detailed analysis of Kohl’s upside post-inflation shock captures trends in the company’s stock during the turbulent market conditions seen over 2022 and compares these trends to the stock’s performance during the 2008 recession.

2022 Inflation Shock

Timeline of Inflation Shock So Far:

  • 2020 – early 2021: Increase in money supply to cushion the impact of lockdowns led to high demand for goods; producers were unable to match up.
  • Early 2021: Shipping snarls and worker shortages from the coronavirus pandemic continue to hurt the supply
  • April 2021: Inflation rates cross 4% and increase rapidly
  • Early 2022: Energy and food prices spike due to the Russian invasion of Ukraine. Fed begins its rate hike process
  • June 2022: Inflation levels peak at 9% – the highest level in 40 years. S&P 500 index declines more than 20% from peak levels.
  • July – September 2022: Fed hikes interest rates aggressively – resulting in an initial recovery in the S&P 500 followed by another sharp decline
  • October 2022 – July 2023: Fed continues rate hike process; improving market sentiments help S&P500 recoup some of its losses
  • Since August 2023: Fed has kept interest rates unchanged to quell fears of a recession, and it is prepared for rate cuts in 2024.

In contrast, here’s how KSS stock and the broader market performed during the 2007/2008 crisis.

Timeline of 2007-08 Crisis

  • 10/1/2007: Approximate pre-crisis peak in S&P 500 index
  • 9/1/2008 – 10/1/2008: Accelerated market decline corresponding to Lehman bankruptcy filing (9/15/08)
  • 3/1/2009: Approximate bottoming out of S&P 500 index
  • 12/31/2009: Initial recovery to levels before accelerated decline (around 9/1/2008)

Kohl’s and S&P 500 Performance During 2007-08 Crisis

KSS stock declined from nearly $58 in October 2007 (pre-crisis peak) to around $35 in March 2009 (as the markets bottomed out), implying that KSS stock lost almost 39% of its pre-crisis value. It recovered from the 2008 crisis to levels of around $54 in early 2010, rising roughly 53% between March 2009 and January 2010. The S&P 500 Index saw a decline of 51%, falling from levels of 1,540 in September 2007 to 757 in March 2009. It then rallied 48% between March 2009 and January 2010 to reach levels of 1,124.

Kohl’s Fundamentals Over Recent Years

KSS revenues declined from around $19.4 billion in 2021 to about $17.5 billion in 2023. Its earnings per share has declined from around $7.16 in 2021 to $2.88 in 2023. Growing inflation has curbed consumer spending. The first-quarter results and outlook reduction speak to the ongoing challenges faced by the company as it looks to stabilize and turn around in a difficult macro-operating environment.

Conclusion

With the Fed’s efforts to tame runaway inflation rates helping market sentiments, we believe KSS stock has the potential for strong gains once fears of a potential recession are allayed. That said, the pressure on the company’s balance sheet remains a significant risk factor to the realization of these gains.

It is helpful to see how its peers stack up. KSS Peers shows how Kohl’s stock compares against peers on metrics that matter. You will find other useful comparisons for companies across industries at Peer Comparisons.

Returns Jun 2024
MTD [1]
2024
YTD [1]
2017-24
Total [2]
 KSS Return 0% -22% -55%
 S&P 500 Return 3% 14% 143%
 Trefis Reinforced Value Portfolio 3% 7% 660%

[1] Returns as of 6/14/2024
[2] Cumulative total returns since the end of 2016

Invest with Trefis Market-Beating Portfolios
See all Trefis Price Estimates