With Stock Down 1% YTD, Will Lackluster IT Spending Impact IBM’s Q3 Results?

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International Business Machines

Computing behemoth IBM (NYSE:IBM) is slated to report its Q3 2023 results on October 25 reporting on a quarter that is likely to have seen IT spending remain lackluster. We estimate that IBM’s revenue will come in at about $31.7 billion for the quarter, roughly in line with the consensus estimates. We estimate that earnings will stand at close to $2.05 per share, compared to a consensus of $2.03 per share. So, what are some of the trends that are likely to drive IBM’s earnings? See our analysis of IBM Earnings Preview for a closer look at what to expect from IBM’s results.

Amidst this financial backdrop, IBM stock has witnessed gains of 10% from levels of $125 in early January 2021 to around $140 now, vs. an increase of about 15% for the S&P 500 over this roughly 3-year period. However, the increase in IBM stock has been far from consistent. Returns for the stock were 6% in 2021, 5% in 2022, and -1% in 2023 (YTD). In comparison, returns for the S&P 500 have been 27% in 2021, -19% in 2022, and 12% in 2023 (YTD) – indicating that IBM underperformed the S&P in 2021 and 2023. In fact, consistently beating the S&P 500 – in good times and bad – has been difficult over recent years for individual stocks; for heavyweights in the Information Technology sector including AAPL, MSFT, and NVDA, and even for the megacap stars GOOG, TSLA, and AMZN. In contrast, the Trefis High Quality (HQ) Portfolio, with a collection of 30 stocks, has outperformed the S&P 500 each year over the same period. Why is that? As a group, HQ Portfolio stocks provided better returns with less risk versus the benchmark index; less of a roller-coaster ride as evident in HQ Portfolio performance metrics. Given the current uncertain macroeconomic environment with high oil prices and elevated interest rates, could IBM face a similar situation as it did in 2021 and 2023 and underperform the S&P over the next 12 months – or will it see a strong jump?

We expect IBM’s core software operations to be one of the key drivers of growth for the second quarter. Software-related sales rose 7.2% in Q2, driven by higher sales of Red Hat products and Data & AI solutions.  Red Hat, which was acquired in 2019, has been a key growth driver for IBM, given its large portfolio of open-source technology, its hybrid cloud platform, and its large developer community. While IBM’s consulting business had a mixed performance over Q2, with sales growing by just about 4%, it could benefit from higher demand for application-related consulting. It’s possible that the artificial intelligence side of the consulting business could also see some gains as companies look to increasingly deploy generative AI tools. The infrastructure business could continue to be mixed as big companies have been cutting back on IT spending amid high inflation and soft demand. This could hurt demand for IBM’s mainframe computers such as the z16 series, introduced last year.

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We think IBM stock is likely to see some modest gains following its Q3 results. At the current market price of about $140 per share, IBM stock trades at 14.5x consensus 2023 earnings. We believe that this is a reasonable valuation, given that IBM is focusing on core areas such as cloud computing, AI, and automation after divesting its legacy business. IBM is also making mid-size acquisitions to bolster its portfolio of higher-margin software products. We value IBM stock at $142 per share, which is marginally ahead of the current market price.  See our analysis  IBM ValuationExpensive or Cheap for more details on what’s driving our price estimate for IBM. Also, check out the analysis of IBM Revenue for more details on how IBM revenues are trending.

 Returns Oct 2023
MTD [1]
2023
YTD [1]
2017-23
Total [2]
 IBM Return 0% -1% -16%
 S&P 500 Return 1% 12% 93%
 Trefis Reinforced Value Portfolio 0% 23% 533%

[1] Month-to-date and year-to-date as of 10/19/2023
[2] Cumulative total returns since the end of 2016

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