Seagate (STX) Last Update 5/25/22
Related: NTAP WDC
% of Stock Price
Gross Profits
Free Cash Flow
Storage Solutions
Net Debt
17.6% $18.62
Trefis Price
Top Drivers for Period
Key Drivers
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TREFIS Analysis

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Seagate Company


  1. Storage Solutions constitute 100% of the Trefis price estimate for Seagate's stock.


Q3 '22 Earnings

Seagate reported net sales of $2.8 billion in Q3 '22, up from $2.73 billion in Q3 '21. COGS and operating expenses rose at a slightly slower rate, and operating income rose from $386 million to $429 million over this period. This saw EPS rise over this period from $1.41 to $1.59.


Seagate is a leading provider of data storage technology and solutions. Their principal products are hard disk drives, commonly referred to as disk drives, hard drives or HDDs. In addition to HDDs, they produce a broad range of data storage products including solid state drives (“SSDs”), solid state hybrid drives (“SSHDs”), storage subsystems, as well as a scalable edge-to-cloud mass data platform that includes data transfer shuttles and a storage-as-a-service cloud.

HDDs are devices that store digitally encoded data on rapidly rotating disks with magnetic surfaces. HDDs continue to be the primary medium of mass data storage due to their performance attributes, reliability, high capacities, superior quality and cost effectiveness. Complementing existing storage architectures, SSDs use integrated circuit assemblies as memory to store data, and most SSDs use NAND flash memory. In contrast to HDDs and SSDs, SSHDs combine the features of SSDs and HDDs in the same unit, containing a high-capacity HDD and a smaller SSD acting as a cache to improve performance of frequently accessed data. Seagate's HDD products are designed for mass capacity storage and legacy markets. Mass capacity storage involves well-established use cases—such as hyperscale data centers and public clouds as well as emerging use cases. Legacy markets include markets they continue to service but don't plan to invest in significantly. Seagate's HDD and SSD product portfolio includes Serial Advanced Technology Attachment (“SATA”), Serial Attached SCSI (“SAS”) and Non-Volatile Memory Express (“NVMe”) based designs to support a wide variety of mass capacity and legacy applications. The systems portfolio includes storage subsystems for enterprises, cloud service providers, scale-out storage servers and original equipment manufacturers (“OEMs”). Engineered for modularity, mobility, capacity and performance, these solutions include enterprise HDDs and SSDs, enabling customers to integrate powerful, scalable storage within legacy environments or build new ecosystems from the ground up in a secure, cost-effective manner.

Seagate recently launched their Lyve portfolio, which provides a simple, cost-efficient and secure way to manage massive volumes of data across the distributed enterprise. The Lyve platform includes a shuttle solution that enables enterprises to transfer massive amounts of data from endpoints to the core cloud, a storage-as-a-service cloud that provides frictionless mass capacity storage at the metro edge, a converged object storage solution enabling efficient capture and consolidation of massive data sets and Cortx, an open-source object storage software optimized for mass capacity and data intensive workloads.


Enterprise Storage Unit Sales

We estimate that the enterprise and cloud storage business of Seagate, driven by a robust growth in the cloud computing industry will become the most valuable part of their business by the end of our forecast period.

Flash-based Enterprise Storage Helps Margins

Flash-based storage has higher margins than traditional HDDs. Seagate also acquired Avago Technologies-owned LSI's flash business to enhance its flash portfolio. However, NAND pricing has seen significant declines in the recent past, given the transition to 3D NAND, and this has impacted the average selling prices of flash based products.


The high growth of digital content is driving the need for higher storage capacity to store, aggregate, host, distribute, manage, backup and use digital content. The need to access rich data and content is being driven by a highly mobile and increasingly connected user base. The traditional enterprise and client compute markets will continue to demand high capacity storage solutions and will be best served by hard disk drives where manufacturers compete on the ability to deliver cost effective, reliable and energy efficient mass storage devices. The increasing demand for HD content for media consumption and rich formats such as HD DVD and Blu-Ray drives the demand for high capacity disk drives solutions in the end-user market. The need for storing data locally is counteracted by the growing presence of cloud-based storage, which eliminated the need to backup data or fear losing data. Moreover it is universally accessible, which makes it a lucrative option. Consequently, large data centers are growing in numbers and the need to store data locally (on embedded hard drives or external disks) is declining.

Shift From Hard Disk Drives To Solid State Drives

All leading laptop manufacturers are now offering laptops with a hybrid HDD-SSD primary memory and high-end high-performance laptops with complete SSD memory. Solid state drives are much more expensive per GB and this is the primary reason for the slow adoption of SSD as the primary memory component. As production capacity increases and technology changes leads to a drop in SSD prices, we can expect that solid state drives will become a standard for notebooks and netbooks.

Growth In Cloud Computing And Remote Storage Services

We expect Seagate's enterprise business to be driven by businesses deploying cloud computing environments in an effort to pool resources and cut costs. Remote storage is becoming a standard for most enterprises and has even gained traction with retail customers with services like Dropbox, Skydrive and Google Drive.

To achieve the high performance needed with cloud computing, we can expect the hybrid SSD-HDD enterprise storage drives to become popular in the future.

Industry Consolidation

The storage industry as a whole is going through a phase of consolidation, as companies are unable to keep up with the constant need to improve manufacturing efficiency, the capital required for R&D and staying ahead of changing trends such as the shift to SSD. Seagate acquired Samsung Electronics's hard disk drive business in December of 2011, and Western Digital purchased Viviti Technologies Ltd. (formerly Hitachi Global Storage Technologies) in March of 2012. Western Digital then acquired Virident, sTec and Velobit in 2013 to enhance its flash portfolio. SanDisk acquired PCIe storage maker Fusion-io in 2014 and Seagate acquire the PCIe flash business of Avago-owned LSI. We expect further consolidation as bigger players buy out small and niche players to obtain market share and more importantly gain access to research in the areas of high speed flash storage and solid state drive technology.


Below are key drivers of Seagate's value that present opportunities for upside or downside to the current Trefis price estimate for Seagate:

  • Storage Solutions: The only segment, storage solutions, has struggled in the last few years, with the revenues dropping from $14.35 billion in FY '13 to $10.68 billion in FY '21. However, we estimate that Seagate's business, driven by robust growth in the cloud computing and enterprise storage industry, will thrive over our forecast period, rising to as high as $15 billion by 2028. If the revenue growth slows down to flat growth through the end of our forecast period, we can expect a potential downside of about 20% to the current price estimate