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Investment Overview for MGM Resorts International (NYSE:MGM)
Below are key drivers of MGM Resorts value that present opportunities for upside or downside to the current Trefis price estimate for MGM Resorts:
- MGM Macau Casino Revenues: MGM Macau casino revenues have increased considerably in the recent past. It grew from $1.51 billion in 2011 to $3.28 billion in 2013. The revenues declined 1% in 2014 amid ongoing anti-corruption crackdown. Macau's gaming industry is seeing tremendous growth with annual gaming revenues northwards of $44 billion in 2014. Trefis expects MGM's Macau casino revenues to increase to over $6 billion by the end of our forecast period. This growth will be driven by MGM's new casino resort in Cotai region. The new resort will enhance MGM's capacity in Macau and increase its market share in the industry. The new casino resort will host 1,600 hotel rooms, 500 gaming tables and 2,500 slot machines and it will be operational by fall of 2016. MGM itself expects the business to double after opening of the Cotai resort. If Macau casino revenues reach $10 billion by the end of the forecast period, there could be around 35% upside potential to our estimate for MGM's stock. In a bearish scenario, assuming that the Macau Casino industry starts witnessing slow growth and MGM's revenues remain under $5 billion by the end of the forecast period, there could be a downside of approximately 20% to our estimate for MGM' stock. We believe the increasing population of Chinese high net worth individuals (HNIs) and the expected completion of Cotai project are likely to be the stimulating factors for future growth.
Las Vegas Hotels
- Average Daily Rates for Las Vegas Hotels:Average Daily Rates for MGM Hotels in Las Vegas has declined from $161 to $108 between 2007 and 2010. The decline was accentuated due to the economic recession and consequent decrease in consumer discretionary spending. Besides this, the growth in the Asian gaming industry also accentuated the decline in Average Daily Rates. The growth in the gaming industry of Macau and Singapore adversely affected the gaming industry in Las Vegas. However, since 2010, ADR started to recover and stood at $139 in 2014. In case, the U.S. economy recovers faster than anticipated and the Las Vegas gaming industry gains momentum, we believe there could be a potential upside of around 15% to the Trefis price estimate. This is assuming that Average Daily Rates are north of $250 level by the end of the Trefis forecast period. However, a sluggish recovery in the U.S. and higher hotel vacancy rates could pressurize Average Daily Rates and pose more than 15% downside to the Trefis price estimate. This scenario would occur if Average Daily Rates remain range bound in the $160 range by the end of the forecast period.
For additional details, select a driver above or select a division from the interactive Trefis split for MGM Resorts at the top of the page.
MGM Resorts International (MGM) is a holding company engaged in gaming, hospitality and entertainment. It primarily owns and operates casino resorts that include gaming, hotel, dining, entertainment, retail and other resort amenities. MGM owns and operates 15 properties located in Nevada, Mississippi and Michigan, and has 50% investments in four other properties in Nevada and Illinois. It also owns controlling stake in MGM China, which operates casino resorts in Macau.
Its Las Vegas strip operating properties include Bellagio, MGM Grand Las Vegas, Mandalay Bay, The Mirage, Luxor, Excalibur, New York-New York, Monte Carlo and Circus Circus Las Vegas. In other parts of Nevada, its operating properties include Circus Circus Reno, Gold Strike and Railroad Pass. These properties are located at Reno and Henderson. MGM also has operating properties in other US states: MGM Grand Detroit in Michigan and Beau Rivage and Gold Strike in Mississippi.
MGM Resorts also has four joint venture investments. It owns a 50% stake in CityCenter, Las Vegas, the Grand Victoria in Illinois and Silver Legacy in Nevada. It also holds a 51% stake in MGM China. MGM Resorts derives more than 40% of its revenue from non gaming activities, a higher percentage compared to its competitors. The main competitors include prominent firms in the gaming and casino industry such as Wynn Resorts, Las Vegas Sands, Boyd Gaming, Harrah's Entertainment and others.
We believe that Macau operations are the primary source of value for MGM because:
Significantly Higher Volume Than Las Vegas Casinos
Macau offers significantly high gaming revenues as compared to the Las Vegas Strip. Macau gaming revenues are approximately 7 times higher than that of Las Vegas Strip. In 2014, gaming revenues at Las vegas Strip were $6.37 billion as opposed to $44 billion in Macau. This significant difference is due to very high demand for gambling in Macau, which is also the only place in China where gambling is legal. A lot of tourists from nearby countries visit Macau for gambling. Casino business is primarily divided into two categories in Macau, VIP gaming and mass market gaming. VIP gaming offers high volume but lower casino hold percentage while mass market gaming offers high hold percentage. The volume of mass market gaming is picking up in Macau and will benefit MGM. MGM itself is developing another casino resort in the region. The new resort will further enhance MGM's capacity in Macau and drive growth in the coming years.
Higher Proportion of Non-Gaming Revenues In Revenue Mix Compared To Competitors
MGM Resorts offers a complete resort experience to its guests, including high quality non-gaming amenities such as food and beverages, entertainment, retail outlets, beauty salons, spas, and shows. The firms dependence on gaming revenues is comparatively lower compared to its competitors. Non-gaming revenues do get affected by the growth of gaming revenues as the majority of gaming customers utilize non gaming/ancillary services offered at resorts. However, we believe that the firms non gaming services do attract a large number of convention/show attendees and general tourists, apart from gaming tourists.
Recent Decline In Macau Gaming
2014 was tough for all the casino operators in Macau and it marked as the first full year of gross gaming revenue decline. The primary reason for this drop is the government’s anti corruption crackdown. A wave of high-profile arrests of senior Chinese officials has hurt the VIP business of Macau casinos as they preferred to maintain a low profile. Visa transit restrictions, a smoking ban and the weakening economy added to the woes for casino operators in the region. Moreover, Beijing wants Macau to diversify its economy, largely dependent on gambling, which accounted for 80% of the local government revenues in 2013.
Las Vegas gaming market growth slowing down
The economic recession of 2008-2009 slowed down the growth of the Las Vegas gaming industry. Other factors mentioned below also accentuated the slow down:
Other US states like Pennsylvania and Delaware recently legalized table games. Similar actions by other states could affect the number of tourists visiting Las Vegas. More than 80% of the tourists visiting Las Vegas are domestic. The Las Vegas gaming market has reached a saturation state. Casino operators indulge in intense competition to sustain their margins. Intense competition is affecting the industry margins.
Excess room capacity hitting the markets is expected to pressurize the margins of the gaming industry by pushing average daily rates down. At the end of 2010, Cosmopolitan added about 3,000 additional rooms in the market. Furthermore, Asian tourists prefer Macau to Las Vegas as a result of two things: firstly it offers world class gaming infrastructure since the advent of foreign gaming companies in Macau in 2006, and secondly it is at a nearby location. The decline in the number of Asian tourists would also affect the Las Vegas gaming industry.
Increasing share of Asia casino revenues
MGM Resorts operations are not geographically diversified. It operates mainly in the US, particularly in Las Vegas. It does have a presence in Macau through its joint venture investment, MGM Macau. However, its presence in Macau is on a smaller scale compared to its competitors. However, MGM's new Cotai resort will boost its market share in the Macau casino industry.
Wynn Resorts and Las Vegas Sands have been focusing their efforts on Asia for future growth. LVS had opened Marina Bay Sands at Singapore and has built Cotai Central in Cotai. It is further developing The Parisian casino resort in Cotai. The following factors strengthened the trend mentioned above:
Macau surpassed the Las Vegas Strip as the world’s biggest gambling hub in 2006 after the government allowed the entry of overseas casino operators. Since then, the region has witnessed unprecedented growth. In 2014, the region collected $44 billion in gaming revenues, far more than the gaming revenues collected on the Las Vegas Strip.
According to a report by Nomura, growth in Macau will be fueled by new casinos, and revenues in Macau are expected to be around $70 billion in 2017. Other upcoming regions within Asia like Japan and Singapore also offer immense growth potential for the casino industry. A strong Chinese economy with a burgeoning middle class and an increased population of high net worth individuals is helping strengthen Macau's growing gaming industry. Macau and Singapore offer world class gaming infrastructure. All major gaming companies like Melco Crown, Wynn Resorts, and Las Vegas Sands have their presence in Macau.
Key infrastructural initiatives underway
The Macau government is reinforcing a series of initiatives in order to drive visitor growth in the region. The gaming industry is a key contributor to Macau's GDP. The government is investing in new transportation links to ease travel for Chinese visitors. According to the Macau Statistics and Census Service Monthly Bulletin of Statistics, approximately 89% of the tourists who visited Macau in 2011 came from mainland China, Hong Kong and Taiwan.
The Guangzhou-Zhuhai high-speed railway is expected to improve travel time from Guangzhou to Macau to 40 mins, down from the 2+ hours taken by bus. It was partially completed in 2011. The Macau Light Rapid Transit will link ferry terminals and key locations. It will have 12 stops on the Macau peninsula, 11 stops on Cotai and Taipa, and will fully integrate different regions within Macau.
Also, the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau bridge will connect Hong Kong to Macau, thereby, reducing car travel time from 4 hours to 40 minutes. It is expected to be completed by 2015-2016. The Macau International Airport is presently undergoing capacity upgrades. Its capacity will be increased to handle 12 million people per year almost double from the current capacity of 6 million people. It is expected to be completed by 2017.
How Does Trefis Modelling Work?
How do we get the historical numbers for this chart?
Trefis has a team of in-house Analysts who gather historical data from company filings and other verifiable sources. When historicals are available, we explain how we got them at the bottom of the Trefis analysis section below.
Who came up with the Trefis forecast for future years?
The Trefis team of in-house Analysts considers a variety of factors when projecting any forecast. The rationale for our projections is explained in the Trefis analysis section below.
How does my dragging the trendline on the chart impact the stock price?
- We use forecasts for business drivers to calculate forecasted Revenues and Profits for each division of the company.
- We then use forecasted Profits in a Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model to obtain the Price Estimate for the company.
See more on: DCF Methodology
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