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Investment Overview for Capital One (NYSE:COF)
Below are key drivers of Capital One's value that present opportunities for upside or downside to the current Trefis price estimate for the bank:
- Provisions % of Outstanding Credit Card Loans: Capital One's credit card provisions increased from 4.7% of the outstanding loan portfolio in 2007 to 8.3% in 2009 before declining to 3% by 2011. Major acquisitions pushed this figure to 5.1% for 2012. While we estimate yield figures to decrease to 4% by the end of our forecast period, should the division perform worse than expected in coming years, the provisions could remain at current levels. If that were to occur, there would be a downside of 13% to the Trefis price estimate. On the other hand, if the bank focuses on improving credit quality of its loan portfolio, and the provisions reduce to 3% of the loans over the same period, then this would represent a 10% upside to the Trefis price estimate.
- Net Interest Yield on Credit Card Balances: Capital One's net interest yield on its credit card portfolio has remained at 12.6-12.7% over the last three years, and we forecast it to remain at that level over the rest of the forecast period. However, if the yield figure falls to 12% over this period, then there would be a downside of about 5% to the current price estimate.
Capital One is one of the largest banks in the United States, whose banking and non-banking subsidiaries market a variety of financial products and services. The corporation's principal subsidiaries include Capital One Bank (USA) and National Association (COBNA) which currently offer credit and debit card products, other lending products, and deposit products; and Capital One, National Association (CONA) which offer a broad spectrum of banking products and financial services to consumers, small businesses and commercial clients.
In June 2011, Capital One bought the American banking operations of ING Direct for $9 billion which significantly boosted Capital One's consumer and commercial loans portfolio.
Capital One also agreed to buy the United States credit card business of HSBC Holdings for $2.6 billion which will boost Capital One's credit card loans by more than $30 billion. The company is also expected to realize cost saving of about $350 million from the business combination.
The Credit Cards division is the main source of value for Capital One for the following reasons
Largest revenue contributor
The Credit Card division of Capital One accounted for nearly 61% of the firm's total revenues in 2012 compared to 30% from the Consumer Loans division and 9% from the Commercial Loans division.
Rise in Prime Loan Interest Rates Will Benefit Capital One
As a result of the economic downturn, the U.S. government decreased the prime loan interest rate (the interest rate that commercial banks charge their most credit-worthy customers) from levels of around 8.25% (in 2006-2007) to 3.25% in (2009-2010). As economic conditions remain uncertain, the prime rate can be expected to remain low likely through 2014. However, interest rates will likely eventually return to historical levels, at which point Capital One's revenues will be positively impacted.
Fast Growth in Electronic, Cashless Payment Solutions
Capital One also operates in the cashless payment solution market. This includes payments using credit cards. The market for such transactions is growing at a rapid pace. More and more consumers are moving toward cashless transactions, particularly in international markets where credit and debit cards are becoming more prevalent. We expect significant growth in this segment in the near future as more customers and merchants embrace credit / debit card payment solutions.
How Does Trefis Modelling Work?
How do we get the historical numbers for this chart?
Trefis has a team of in-house Analysts who gather historical data from company filings and other verifiable sources. When historicals are available, we explain how we got them at the bottom of the Trefis analysis section below.
Who came up with the Trefis forecast for future years?
The Trefis team of in-house Analysts considers a variety of factors when projecting any forecast. The rationale for our projections is explained in the Trefis analysis section below.
How does my dragging the trendline on the chart impact the stock price?
- We use forecasts for business drivers to calculate forecasted Revenues and Profits for each division of the company.
- We then use forecasted Profits in a Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model to obtain the Price Estimate for the company.
See more on: DCF Methodology
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