CME Group Stock Is Slightly On The Pricier Side

by Trefis Team
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[Updated 03/18/2021] CME Group Update

After close to 50% gains since the March 23 lows of last year, at the current price near $208 per share, we believe CME Group’s stock (NASDAQ: CME) is trading above its near-term potential. CME Group, the world’s largest financial derivatives exchange, has seen its stock increase from $140 to $208 off the March 2020 bottom compared to the S&P 500 which increased almost 80% – the stock is lagging the broader market by a large margin. While the exchange has outperformed the consensus estimates in its fourth-quarter results mainly driven by strong ADV (average daily volume) growth on a sequential basis, it has reported negative y-o-y revenue growth in each of the last three quarters. Hence, the investors seem somewhat cautious about the stock.

CME Group reported total net revenues of $1.1 billion in the fourth quarter, which is 4% less than the year-ago period. It could mainly be attributed to a 6% drop in clearing and transaction fees. While the ADV did increase in the quarter on a sequential basis, it decreased 4% y-o-y to 16.2 million due to lower ADV in interest rates and energy product lines. Similarly, its full-year 2020 revenues of $4.9 billion were marginally higher than the 2019 figure.

Due to the ongoing coronavirus pandemic and economic uncertainty, securities markets are witnessing high trading activity. This, in turn, means that the exchanges should generate more revenue in terms of clearing and transaction fees. However, this is not the case with CME. Its total contract volume slightly decreased in 2020 due to lower ADV in interest rate contracts, partially offset by higher ADV in the energy product line. Further, its average rate per contract also saw a slight dip in the year. This has resulted in a marginal decline in the transaction and clearing fees on a year-on-year basis. That said, high trading volumes should normalize with the recovery in the economy. However, it is likely to take some time. Overall, CME Group’s revenues are expected to see stagnant growth in FY2021. Additionally, CME’s P/E multiple changed from just below 33x in 2018 to close to 31x in 2020. While the company’s P/E is just above 35x now, this leaves some scope for downside when the current P/E is compared to levels seen in the past years – P/E multiple of around 34x at the end of 2019 and just below 33x in 2018. Our dashboard “What Factors Drove 11% Change In CME Group Stock Between 2018-End And Now?” provides the key numbers behind our thinking.

[Updated 11/11/2020] Down 15% YTD, CME Group Stock Can Recover In The Near Term

After a meager rise of 21% since the March bottom, at the current price near $169 per share, we believe CME Group stock (NASDAQ: CME) has more to go based on its historic P/E multiples. CME stock has increased from $140 to $169 off the recent bottom compared to the S&P 500 which increased almost 60%. The stock has underperformed the broader market and is down 16% YTD. This is because investors are concerned about the decline in its Q2 and Q3 revenues – the top-line has dropped 11% to a consolidated figure of $2.26 billion for the last 2 quarters, as compared to the figure of $2.55 billion a year ago. On a similar note, earnings have declined by 20% to a consolidated figure of $2.56 from $3.22 a year ago.

The company has seen some growth in revenue over 2018-2019, while its P/E multiple has not seen a significant increase. We believe the stock is likely to see some upside in the near term despite the potential weakness from a recession-driven by the Covid outbreak. Our dashboard Buy Or Sell CME Group Stock? provides the key numbers behind our thinking.

CME Group’s revenue increased 13% from $4.3 billion in 2018 to $4.9 billion in 2019, which translated into an 8% growth in net income over the same period. The slightly lower growth in net income was due to higher operating expenses driven by compensation cost and technology support services, reducing the net income margin from 45.5% to 43.5%.

During the same period, the P/E multiple increased from around 33x to just below 34x. The P/E multiple dropped in 2020 as the company has reported lower earnings and revenues over the last two quarters. While CME Group’s P/E is just above 28x now, there is an upside when the current P/E is compared to levels seen in the past years – P/E of 34x end of 2019 and 33x at the end of 2018.

Where Is The Stock Headed?

CME Group is one of the largest financial derivatives exchanges, which derives more than 80% of its revenues from clearing and transaction fees. While the company’s revenues have seen some decrease in Q2 and Q3 on a year-on-year basis, it has benefited from significantly higher equity indexes trading volumes in the recent quarters – more than offset by lower volumes in energy and interest rates contracts. However, we expect the trading volumes to normalize in the coming months. This, coupled with its strong fundamentals, is likely to enable CME Group to deliver slightly higher revenues for the full year 2020 than the previous year, positively impacting the stock price.

The actual recovery and its timing hinge on the broader containment of the coronavirus spread. Our dashboard Trends In U.S. Covid-19 Cases provides an overview of how the pandemic has been spreading in the U.S. and contrasts with trends in Brazil and Russia. Following the Fed stimulus — which set a floor on fear — the market has been willing to “look through” the current weak period and take a longer-term view. With investors focusing their attention on 2021 results, the valuations become important in finding value. Though market sentiment can be fickle, and evidence of an uptick in new cases could spook investors once again.  

Although CME Group’s stock may not be attractive, 2020 has created many pricing discontinuities which can offer attractive trading opportunities. For example, you’ll be surprised how the stock valuation for Apple vs. Vertex Pharmaceuticals shows a disconnect with their relative operational growth. You can find many such discontinuous pairs here.

 

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