Should You Buy Caterpillar Stock After Its Upbeat Q4 Results?

CAT: Caterpillar logo

[Updated: Feb 2, 2022] CAT Q4 Earnings Update

The stock price of Caterpillar (NYSE: CAT) saw a decline of 5% following its Q4 results announcement on Friday, Jan 28. Now, Caterpillar’s Q4 results were actually above ours as well as the consensus estimates. The company reported revenue of $13.8 billion, up 23% y-o-y, and comfortably above our forecast of $12.6 billion and the consensus estimate of $13.1 billion. Similarly, its adjusted EPS of $2.69 was well above our forecast of $2.22 and the consensus estimate of $2.26.

However, what didn’t sit well with the investors was the rising costs and its impact on the company’s operating margins. Caterpillar saw its total operating costs increase 23.7% to $12.2 billion, resulting in a 60 bps decline in operating margin to 11.7%. The rise in costs can primarily be attributed to inflationary pressure. Furthermore, the company’s management in its earnings conference call stated that it expects the margins to continue to face pressure in Q1 as well, and improve thereafter.

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Given the outlook on margins, CAT stock has seen some correction over the past few days, and we believe investors will be better off buying into this dip for gains in the long run. We have revised our model to reflect the latest quarterly results, and we now estimate Caterpillar’s Valuation to be around $244 per share, which is 19% above its current market price of $205. This represents a P/E multiple of around 22x based on our $11.25 EPS forecast for 2022. This compares with the $10.81 EPS seen in 2021 and $6.56 in 2020. The valuation multiple of 22x is higher than the comparable average of 19x for the last three years. We believe that a higher multiple is justified for CAT stock, given the strong earnings growth seen in the recent past, a trend likely to continue going forward, as well.


[Updated: Jan 26, 2022] CAT Q4 Earnings Preview

Caterpillar (NYSE: CAT) is scheduled to report its Q4 2021 results on Friday, January 28. We expect Caterpillar to post revenue and earnings below the consensus estimates. While a gradual opening up of the economies with a rise in vaccination rates has resulted in a sharp rebound in overall equipment demand for the construction industry over the recent quarters, the company’s overall performance may be weighed down by higher raw material costs and supply chain headwinds.

That said, our forecast indicates that Caterpillar’s valuation is $242 per share, which is 13% above the current market price of $214, implying that the stock has more room for growth, in our view. Our interactive dashboard analysis of Caterpillar’s Pre-Earnings has additional details.

Although CAT stock may trade lower in the near term, based on our Q4 forecast of revenue and earnings falling below the street estimates, it is helpful to see how its peers stack up. Check out how Caterpillar’s Peers fare on metrics that matter. You will find other useful comparisons for companies across industries at Peer Comparisons.

(1) Revenues expected to be below the consensus estimates

  • Trefis estimates Caterpillar’s Q4 2021 revenues to be around $12.6 billion, up 12% y-o-y, but below the $13.1 billion consensus estimate.
  • All of Caterpillar’s segments have seen steady growth over the recent quarters, a trend expected to continue in Q4 as well, driven by a 4% rise in industrial production.
  • However, rising labor costs may have weighed on the overall construction activity and, in turn, the equipment demand for the same, adversely impacting the construction segment revenue growth.
  • Looking back at Q3 2021, total revenues grew a solid 25% y-o-y to $12.4 billion, with gains across the company’s businesses. Our dashboard on Caterpillar’s Revenues offers more details on the company’s segments.

(2) EPS likely to be below the consensus estimates

  • Caterpillar’s Q4 2021 adjusted earnings per share (EPS) is expected to be $2.22 per Trefis analysis, compared to the consensus estimate of $2.26.
  • Caterpillar’s adjusted net income of $1.5 billion in Q3 2021 reflected a large 75% y-o-y rise, compared to $0.8 billion seen in the prior-year quarter.
  • This growth was driven by higher revenues and higher operating profit margins. The company usually sees a lower operating margin in Q4 vs. Q3, a trend expected in Q4 21 as well. Furthermore, inflationary headwinds and supply-chain constraints remain a concern in the near term.
  • While these headwinds may impact Caterpillar’s earnings growth in Q4, looking forward, for the full-year 2022, we do expect the adjusted EPS to be higher at $12.25, compared to $8.74 in 2020 and an estimated $10.35 in 2021, with easing of inflationary headwinds.

(3) Stock price estimate above the current market price

  • We estimate Caterpillar Valuation to be around $242 per share, which is 13% above its current market price of $214.
  • This represents a P/EBITDA multiple of 15x for the company based on Caterpillar’s EBITDA for the last twelve months.
  • That said, if the company reports upbeat results, with sales growth as well as 2022 guidance better than the street estimates, it is likely that the P/EBITDA multiple will be revised upward, resulting in even higher levels for CAT stock.
  • Still, there are near-term macro risks. With the U.S. Federal Reserve monetary policy-setting meeting coming up on January 26, there are rising concerns of tighter financial conditions that may weigh on the overall markets at large.

While CAT stock may see lower levels in the near term, the Covid-19 crisis has created many pricing discontinuities which can offer attractive trading opportunities. For example, you’ll be surprised how counter-intuitive the stock valuation is for Caterpillar vs. eBay.

What if you’re looking for a more balanced portfolio instead? Here’s a high-quality portfolio that’s beaten the market consistently since the end of 2016.

 Returns Jan 2022
MTD [1]
YTD [1]
Total [2]
 CAT Return 4% 4% 131%
 S&P 500 Return -9% -9% 95%
 Trefis MS Portfolio Return -13% -13% 242%

[1] Month-to-date and year-to-date as of 1/26/2022
[2] Cumulative total returns since the end of 2016

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