On February 14, 2013, Targa Resources Partners LP (NGLS) reported results of operations for 1Q 2012 and 2012. Certain key operating parameters for 4Q 2012 and for 2012, including revenues, operating income, net income and earnings before interest, depreciation & amortization and income tax expenses (EBITDA), are summarized in Table 1:
|Weighted average units outstanding (million)||94||85||90||84|
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Table 1: Figures in $ Millions, except units outstanding and margins
NGLS’ revenues are principally derived from percent-of-proceeds (“POP”) contracts under which it receives a portion of the natural gas and/or natural gas liquids as payment for its gathering and processing services. POP contracts share price risk between the producer and processor. Operating income generally increases as natural gas prices and natural gas liquid prices increase, and decreases as they decrease.
4Q12 revenues decreased by $407 million vs. the prior year period due to hedges and lower realized prices on commodities ($591 million), partially offset by higher commodity sales volumes ($151 million) and higher fee-based and other revenues ($33 million). 2012 revenues decreased by $1,103 million vs. the prior year period due to hedges and lower realized prices on commodities ($1,963 million), partially offset by higher commodity sales volumes ($770 million) and higher fee-based and other revenues ($90 million). Other factors adversely impacting operating income and net income vs. the comparable prior year periods include higher operating expenses (due to acquisition and expansion activities), higher G&A expenses (due to increased compensation), as well as higher interest and depreciations expenses.
Management’s 2012 guidance for Adjusted EBITDA was $515-$550 million. NGLS was able to reach the low end of its target despite 25% lower NGL prices than its original assumptions, despite an $8 million impact from Hurricane Isaac and despite $6 million worth of transaction-related expenses for the Bakken Shale Midstream acquisition (Saddle Butte Pipeline, renamed Targa Badlands).
In an article titled Distributable Cash Flow (“DCF”) I present the definition of DCF used by NGLS and provide a comparison to definitions used by other master limited partnerships (“MLPs”). Using NGLS’ definition, DCF for 2012 was $354 million ($3.92 per unit) vs. $337 million ($4.00 per unit) in the comparable prior year period. As always, I first attempt to assess how these figures compare with what I call sustainable DCF for these periods and whether distributions were funded by additional debt or issuing additional units.
The generic reasons why DCF as reported by an MLP may differ from sustainable DCF are reviewed in an article titled Estimating Sustainable DCF-Why and How. Applying the method described there to NGLS’ results through 9/30/12 generates the comparison outlined in Table 2 below:
|Net cash provided by operating activities||150||210||465||401|
|Less: Maintenance capital expenditures||(20)||(25)||(68)||(82)|
|Less: Working capital (generated)||(36)||(70)||(4)||–|
|Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests||(5)||(11)||(29)||(41)|
|Working capital used||–||–||–||24|
|Risk management activities||0||3||0||24|
|Proceeds from sale of assets / disposal of liabilities||0||(1)||–||(0)|
|DCF as reported||86||107||354||337|
Table 2: Figures in $ Millions
The principal differences between reported and sustainable DCF for 2012 are grouped under “Other”. They relate to non-cash compensation and accretion of retirement obligations which management adds back to derive reported DCF but are not included in my definition of sustainable DCF. The amounts for the period are not material. The principal differences between sustainable and reported DCF numbers for 2011 are attributable to working capital consumed and risk management activities. See a prior article for an explanation of why I exclude these two items from my definition of sustainable DCF.
Distributions, reported DCF, sustainable DCF and the resultant coverage ratios are as follows:
|Distribution per unit||$0.6800||$0.6025||$2.6075||$2.3125|
|Distributions made ($ millions)||77||59||286||225|
|DCF as reported ($ millions)||86||107||354||337|
|Sustainable DCF ($ millions)||90||104||365||278|
|Coverage ratio based on reported DCF||1.12||1.81||1.24||1.50|
|Coverage ratio based on sustainable DCF||1.17||1.75||1.28||1.23|
Table 3: Figures in $ Millions, except per unit amounts and coverage ratios
Coverage ratio for 2012 was solid. The drop in 4Q12 is unrelated to the Targa Badlands acquisition. Rather it mostly reflects the drop in net cash generated by operating activities and the increase in number of units outstanding. In a prior article I noted that NGLS was acquiring Targa Badlands at an expensive EBITDA multiple and that the effect would be dilutive. Management now expects distribution coverage to be ~ 0.9x in the first half of 2013 and average 1.0x in 2013 due to the dilutive effect of Badlands. However, these lower coverage ratios will also reflect 10%-12% increases in projected distributions for 2013. Badlands is expected to be accretive in 2014 and beyond.
I find it helpful to look at a simplified cash flow statement that nets certain items (e.g., acquisitions against dispositions, debt incurred vs. repaid) and separates cash generation from cash consumption in order to get a clear picture of how distributions have been funded in the last two years. Here is what I see for NGLS:
Simplified Sources and Uses of Funds
|Capital expenditures ex maintenance, net of proceeds from sale of PP&E||(198)||(93)||(515)||(247)|
|Acquisitions, investments (net of sale proceeds)||(970)||(2)||(1,013)||(178)|
|Cash contributions/distributions related to affiliates & non-controlling interests||(3)||(21)||(18)||(31)|
|Debt incurred (repaid)||–||(37)||–||–|
|Other CF from investing activities, net||(2)||–||–||–|
|Other CF from financing activities, net||(10)||–||(14)||–|
|Net cash from operations, less maintenance capex, less net income from non-controlling interests, less distributions||54||126||112||94|
|Debt incurred (repaid)||722||–||904||30|
|Partnership units issued||386||(0)||555||304|
|Other CF from investing activities, net||–||–||2||0|
|Other CF from financing activities, net||–||13||–||7|
|Net change in cash||(21)||(13)||12||(21)|
Table 4: Figures in $ Millions
Net cash from operations, less maintenance capital expenditures, less cash related to net income attributable to non-partners exceeded distributions by $54 million in 4Q12 and by $112 million in 2012. Debt and equity issued were used for expansion capital expenditures and acquisitions.
NGLS spent $408 million on acquisitions and growth projects in 2011, $540 million in 2012 (excluding the $950 million Targa Badlands acquisition consummated 12/31/12), and estimates it will spend ~$1 billion in 2013. Projects representing aggregate investments in excess of $1.1 billion of organic growth capital will be placed in service in 2013 (mostly in the 2nd half of the year). Management expects 2013 Adjusted EBITDA to be $600-$650 million and to grow that by 25% in 2014.
Table 5 below compares NGLS’ current yield of some of the other MLPs I follow:
|As of 2/15/13:||Price||Quarterly Distribution ($)||Yield|
|Magellan Midstream Partners (MMP)||$49.81||0.5000||4.02%|
|Plains All American Pipeline (PAA)||$53.84||0.5625||4.18%|
|Enterprise Products Partners (EPD)||$56.48||0.6600||4.67%|
|El Paso Pipeline Partners (EPB)||$42.05||0.6100||5.80%|
|Kinder Morgan Energy Partners (KMP)||$87.57||1.2900||5.89%|
|Williams Partners (WPZ)||$52.83||0.8275||6.27%|
|Targa Resources Partners (NGLS)||$41.56||0.6800||6.54%|
|Energy Transfer Partners (ETP)||$46.75||0.8938||7.65%|
|Regency Energy Partners (RGP)||$23.75||0.4600||7.75%|
|Buckeye Partners (BPL)||$53.50||1.0375||7.76%|
|Boardwalk Pipeline Partners (BWP)||$26.70||0.5325||7.98%|
|Suburban Propane Partners (SPH)||$42.05||0.8750||8.32%|
NGLS’ current yield of 6.54% compares favorably with many of the MLPs I cover. I prefer it so some of the higher yielding partnerships such as Buckeye Partners, Boardwalk Pipeline Partners and Regency Energy Partners. In my reports dealing with those higher yielding partnerships I highlighted my specific concerns with each. Compared to them and to NRGY, I believe NGLS is a better choice and offers a more compelling risk-reward tradeoff. I am less sure regarding comparison to the others. My concerns center on the expensive acquisition, the low coverage ratio, the high cost of the IDRs, and the still significant exposure to commodity prices. I also believe developing the infrastructure for the Bakken shale is more risky than the Texas shale plays and the Marcellus shale.