The shares of General Motors (NYSE:GM) and Ford Motors (NYSE:F) have been strong in the last six months mostly on the back of strong North American and Chinese sales. Europe continues to elude the American automakers as they keep piling on the losses in the region. Both Ford and GM aim to become profitable in Europe by mid-decade and that seems to have been factored in their respective stock prices.
- How Ford’s Valuation Depends On Its Share Of The North America Passenger Cars Market
- How Much Can Ford’s Unit Pricing In International Markets Impact Its Valuation
- One More Reason Why Ford Will Report Lower Than Usual Profits In The Second Half of 2016
- How Ford Increased Its China Sales In July And August
- What Does Ford Want With A Shuttle Bus Services And Bike Sharing?
- Why Ford Lowered Its Full Year Guidance For 2016
However, the recent European data suggest that the market might not have bottomed out yet, and that it could take longer than what either Ford or GM expects. Vehicle sales in Europe plummeted 8.5% to 918,280 units in January – the lowest in the last 23 years.  A particular cause for concern is Germany, which is now showing signs of slower growth. It had resisted the slump for much of the previous year, but has started off 2013 with sales down 8.6%.
Ford’s performance was worse than the overall market as its sales plunged 26%. GM, on the other hand, fared relatively better as its vehicle registrations only fell 5.2%. The automaker’s sales were helped by the new Mokka compact SUV launched in October and the Adam small car introduced last month.
Situation Hasn’t Improved
It’s important to note that the recent results have highlighted how the automakers have already begun to fall behind in their own plans. Ford’s operating losses in Europe were a whopping $750 million in the fourth quarter alone, $250 million more than what the company was expecting at the end of the third quarter.  Similarly, GM’s losses ballooned to $699 million in the fourth quarter to take the full year losses to $1.8 billion. 
At this pace, it looks highly optimistic to assume that the automakers will turn profitable by 2015. GM, particularly, has a dismal history in Europe with its Opel brand losing more than $16 billion in the last 12 years.  When it comes to Europe, neither Ford nor GM is really better off right now from what it was last year. We believe that Europe will remain a drag for the automakers and that the projected turnaround by 2015 looks more difficult to reach.
We have a $13 price estimate for Ford, which is in line with the current market price.Notes: