United Airlines‘ (NYSE:UAL) revenues increased by 1.4% year-over-year to $8.7 billion in the first quarter on gains from higher unit revenues – the amount generated from each passenger for a mile of flight. The carrier also cut its losses to $417 million in the first quarter from $448 million in the prior year period driven by lower merger related costs and interest payments. 
Importantly, United also improved its on-time performance with 81% of its flights arriving on-time in the first quarter.  This helped the carrier post better results as passengers no longer shied away from the carrier because of its low on-time arrival rates. Last year, many passengers were driven away from the carrier due to its poor on-time performance, which had fallen to a low of 63% in July. 
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Looking ahead, United anticipates to continue to improve its profits through capacity rationalization and lower interest payments driven by lower debt. We currently have a stock price estimate of $32.60 for United, marginally above its current market price.
Capacity Rationalization Improved Profitability
In the first quarter, United reduced its flying capacity in all markets to lower the number of empty seats on its flights. The carrier slashed maximum flying capacity from trans-Atlantic markets to Europe followed by the domestic U.S. markets and the international travel markets to Asia-Pacific and Latin America. Overall, United lowered its flying capacity by nearly 5% in the first quarter compared to the year ago period. This helped it improve its occupancy rates – the percentage of seats occupied a flight – by three points on a year-over-year basis to 81.1% in the first quarter. 
United also realized slightly higher passenger fares reflected by growth in the yield levels. In all, fewer empty seats and higher fares improved the carrier’s profits – indicated by nearly 6% y-o-y growth in unit revenues. 
Losses Decline On Lower Merger And Interest Costs
Additionally, United incurred $70 million in merger related costs in the first quarter down from $134 million in year ago period. This decline along with $15 million in lower interest payments, offset in part by an $11 million charge from the grounding of its 787 fleet, helped the carrier reduce its losses. 
Lower interest payments were driven by lower debt. In the first quarter, United paid off $1.3 billion of its debt and capital lease to reduce its total debt to around $12.1 billion as of March 31. The carrier intends to pay down its debt by an additional $1 billion over the remainder of 2013.  Thus, going forward, United’s interest payments will likely continue to decline which will boost its profits.
Capacity Rationalization To Continue In The Second Quarter
In the second quarter, the carrier anticipates to continue to lower its flying capacity on all of its routes, except international routes to Latin America where it plans to raise its flying capacity by nearly 2% y-o-y. Overall, it plans to lower its flying capacity between 1.7% and 2.7% y-o-y in the second quarter in an attempt to continue to improve its occupancy rates and profitability. Notes: