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Investment Overview for Rio Tinto (NYSE:RIO)
WHAT HAS CHANGED
Iron ore and coal prices have fallen sharply over the course of the last year, due to oversupplied markets and weak demand. The fall in coal prices has prompted Rio Tinto to review its coal mining operations and selectively divest its mines. In contrast, despite the fall in iron ore prices, the company has continued to ramp up its iron ore output.
- Divestment of coal mines
- Rio Tinto completed the sale of its interests in the Clermont mine, located in Queensland, Australia, and Rio Tinto Coal Mozambique, which represented the majority of the company's coal mining interests in Mozambique, during the course of 2014. These mines represented roughly 23% of the company's coal reserves in 2013.
- Rising iron ore production
- Despite the sharp fall in iron ore prices, Rio Tinto has continued to ramp up its iron ore production. The company completed the ramp up of its Pilbara iron ore mining operations, located in Western Australia, to a capacity of 290 million tons per annum (Mt/a) during the course of 2014. The company intends to ramp-up the capacity of its Pilbara iron ore mining operations to 330 Mt/a in 2015. The company is among the lowest cost iron ore miners in the world, and its operations are still profitable at current price levels.
Below are key drivers of Rio Tinto's value that present opportunities for upside or downside to the current Trefis price estimate for Rio Tinto:
Iron Ore Shipments
- Iron Ore Shipments: We expect Rio Tinto's iron ore shipments to rise rapidly till 2017, due to the completion of the expansion of the company's Pilbara iron ore mining operations to a production rate of 350 million tons per annum. However, market conditions for iron ore are currently characterized by weak demand conditions and an oversupply situation. If demand does not recover sufficiently over the forecast period, Rio Tinto may be forced to reduce its planned iron ore shipments. If instead of the currently envisaged rates, shipments grow at a moderate pace due to weak market conditions, this would represent a downside of around 8% to our price estimate.
Average realized prices of Iron Ore
- Average realized prices of iron ore: Market conditions for iron ore are currently characterized by weak demand conditions and an oversupply situation. This has resulted in plummeting iron ore prices over the last year or so. We expect iron ore prices to fall until 2016, before recovering gradually over the rest of the forecast period. However, if prices recover earlier and more robustly than expected, driven by supply cutbacks and recovery in demand, this would represent an upside of around 5% to our price estimate.
For additional details, select a driver above or select a division from the interactive Trefis split for Rio Tinto at the top of the page.
Rio Tinto Group is a diversified mining and resources group, headquartered in London and Melbourne. The company has operations across six continents, but mainly focuses its operations in Australia and Canada. The company has a number of subsidiaries, each focusing on one of the 14 different product types in the company's portfolio. The company has a principal focus on mining of primary ore for metals. It also owns a number of large high capacity smelting facilities for aluminum and refining facilities for copper & gold. China's Chinalco owns 9.3% of Rio Tinto.
The company's Iron Ore division is the most valuable division for the following reasons:
The iron ore segment accounts for approximately 45% of the company's revenues. Moreover, it is expected to remain in this range for the next few years. More than 60% of the company's profits come from the Iron Ore division. Although this number may decline over the next four years, the division will still contribute a majority of the company's profits. The company has long-term contracts with iron and steel manufacturers worldwide, safeguarding its production and mining activities.
Weakness in demand for iron ore
Iron ore is used as a raw material in the manufacture of steel. Thus, the demand for steel indirectly influences the demand for iron ore. China is the world's largest consumer of steel and iron ore. It accounts for over 60% of the seaborne iron ore trade. Chinese demand for steel is expected to decline by 0.5% in both 2015 and 2016, respectively, following on from a 3.3% decline in 2014. Weakness in demand for steel will translate into weakness in demand for iron ore, which will put pressure on prices.
Oversupply of iron ore
A sharp increase in production volumes by iron ore majors such as Vale, Rio Tinto, and BHP Billiton will boost supply over the next few years. Given the weakness in demand, this is expected to result in an oversupply situation. The worldwide surplus of seaborne iron ore supply is expected to rise to 300 million tons in 2017, from an expected 175 million tons in 2015, 72 million tons in 2014, and 14 million tons for 2013. This oversupply situation will put pressure on iron ore prices.
Weak global demand for copper
China is the largest consumer of copper in the world, accounting for nearly 40% of the total world consumption of copper. China's GDP growth is expected to slow to 6.8% and 6.3%, in 2015 and 2016, respectively, from 7.4% in 2013. Slower economic growth in China has led to a moderation in demand for copper. Further, the proposed structural transformation of the Chinese economy from an investment and export led growth model, to a consumption led growth model, may negatively impact Chinese demand for copper in the long run. Weak Chinese demand for copper will put pressure on copper prices.
Weakness in demand for coal
China is the world's largest consumer of both metallurgical and thermal coal. Weak demand for both kinds of coal from China, combined with an oversupply situation due to an expansion in production by major mining companies, has led to plummeting coal prices. Prices fell sharply in 2014, and are expected to fall further in 2015. Prices are expected to remain weak till around the middle of the forecast period.
Aluminum as a replacement for other materials and metals
- Aluminum is lightweight and its use in cars can help reduce weight and thus emissions.
- Aluminum is durable and requires lower maintenance (corrosion resistant) compared to other metals and is hence finding its applications in the construction industry.
- The unique characteristics of aluminum, such as malleability and ductility, help in the fabrication, storage, and distribution of retail products. It is thus being widely used in the packaging industry as well.
How Does Trefis Modelling Work?
How do we get the historical numbers for this chart?
Trefis has a team of in-house Analysts who gather historical data from company filings and other verifiable sources. When historicals are available, we explain how we got them at the bottom of the Trefis analysis section below.
Who came up with the Trefis forecast for future years?
The Trefis team of in-house Analysts considers a variety of factors when projecting any forecast. The rationale for our projections is explained in the Trefis analysis section below.
How does my dragging the trendline on the chart impact the stock price?
- We use forecasts for business drivers to calculate forecasted Revenues and Profits for each division of the company.
- We then use forecasted Profits in a Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model to obtain the Price Estimate for the company.
See more on: DCF Methodology
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